December 15

1) The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill, 2014

  • Status:
    • Passed in Rajya Sabha but pending in Lok Sabha
  • Provisions:
    • List of ‘Disabilities’ has been expanded from 7 to 21
      • It recognised the psychological and intellectual disabilities like mental illness, autism spectrum disorder, cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, chronic neurological conditions
    • Increased the reservation quota (from 3 to 4% in govt jobs, from 3 to 5% in higher education)
    • It strengthened the regulatory bodies like chief commissioner and state commissioners
    • It provides for imprisonment along with fine for discriminating against differently abled persons

 

2) NSG Waiver:

  • It gives right to India to go for the nuclear trade with other countries with some restrictions even though India is not being the accord of Non Proliferation Treaty
  • Favour:
    • There is no big difference between NSG Waiver and full membership in terms of benefits but it is just a matter of prestige
    • It has brought India from isolation and promoted India’s ability to generate Nuclear Energy for civil purpose
  • Critics:
    • NSG Waiver is just a concession so without getting the status of full membership India cannot predict the risks in long run for its nuclear programme
    • Full membership of the NSG would enable India to have enhanced and predictable global access to nuclear technology, fuel, materials and components required for our expanding civil nuclear programme. It would advance energy security, contribute to India’s growth strategy based on clean energy to combat climate change, and strengthen global nuclear non-proliferation, so it is good to have an aspiration of transferring to full membership

 

3)  The draft Major Port Authorities Bill, 2016:

  • It replaces the current Major Port Trusts Act, 1963
  • It empowers 12 major ports to perform with greater efficiency and autonomy in taking decisions
  • PPP operators will be free to fix the tariff based on market operations
  • The Tariff Authority has been redefined and Port Authority has been given powers to define tariff, which will act as reference to PPP projects
  • It reduced the strength of Board members from 17-19 to 11 members
    • It includes respective State govts, Railway Ministry, Defence Ministry and Department of Revenue along with a member representing employees of Major Port Authority
    • The Board has been given other functions of former Tariff authority to look into disputes between Port Authority and PPP, to review stressed project and suggest measures
    • The Board has given powers to fix the scale of rates for other port services and assets including land, to enter into contract, planning and developments, fixing tariffs except in national interest, security and emergency arising out of inaction and default
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