December 25

1) Wildlife migration to Wayanad sanctuary (Karnataka) before mid february.

  • Reasons
    • Early migration is due to drought like situation in that region due to inadequate rainfall
  • Steps taken:
    • Monitoring water resources like check dams, waterholes in sanctuary through GPS
    • Desilting works in 13 major water bodies
    • Fodder management:
      • Exotic plants have been removed
      • Existing Grass has been trimmed to regrow soft grass
    • Permanent Watchtowers and anti poaching camps has been setup


2) Religious land like temples, churches etc., can be acquired for ‘Public Purpose’- High Court

  • Issue:
    • Land of Church has been acquired for National highway development in Allahabad
  • Church of North India Association has went against it:
    • Arguments:
      • It will violate the freedom of Religious Conscience and freedom to manage religious affairs which comes under Article 25 and 26 of the constitution
      • It will also violate Place of Worship (Special Provision) Act
  • High Court Argument:
    • Place of Worship Act has put hold on converting the religious denomination into other but not applicable for the public purpose


3) SAAW (Smart Anti Airfield Weapon) System:

  • Capable of attacking ground targets with 100 km distance
  • 120 kg- class smart weapon, with high precision target and lightweight, developed by DRDO


4) Food fortification:

  • Draft Food Safety and Standards (Fortification of foods) Regulation 2016
    • To Tackle India’s malnutrition issue
    • All fortified foods, packed etc should adhere to set of standards
    • Even the food like rice, maida, vanaspati, atta also should be fortified with vitamins
      • iron, iodine, zinc, vitamin A, vitamin D, folic acid (vitamin B9), thiamine (vitamin B1), riboflavin (vitamin B2), niacin (vitamin B3), pyridoxine (vitamin B6) and cobalamin (vitamin B12).
  • Standards:
    • Iodine content of salt should be 30 ppm
    • Iron 850-1100 ppm
    • Vegetable oil and milk should be fortified with Vitamin A and Vitamin D
    • Iron fortified food should give caution to Thalassemia and low iron diet people
  • Nutrition at Glance: World bank report
    • India spending $12billion in GDP for Vitamin and mineral deficiencies
    • 48% are stunted (chronic malnutrition), 43% are underweight , 20% are wasted (acute malnutrition) and 1 in every 4 is low birth weight
  • In India there is no problem of over fortification like in-taking Vitamins and Minerals more than required due to food are fortified keeping adults in mind and not according to the requirement of children, pregnant women and old people
    • Problems:
      • In-taking of mainly Vitamin A, Zinc, Niacin which will impact the health
  • Implementation problem of this fortification law is because of drawing unorganised and small players due to their technical inefficiency for fortification.

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