March 8

1) No economy for women:

  • Gender diversity at workplace, adds value for family life and improves the decision making power of the women at par with the men and increases the economic empowerment of the women
  • Remember this quote: If the development or progress is not engendered it will be endangered
  • The World development Report in 1989 itself spoke about women and development
  • Beijing +20 conference, talks about role of women in development in the era of globalisation
  • Gender role on economics gave major emphasis on providing access with regard to various assets, wage employment, creating enabling environment will ensure the economic benefits to women
  • Perception:
    • If labour participation of women increases automatically it leads to the development as in the case happened with South Korea, China, Japan etc. But in India the scenario is not improved regarding the participation of women into labour force
    • Reasons?
      • Wrt Rural women:
        • Reduction in farm size, mechanization of the farming, due to which participation of women reduced in the lack of demand. So there is a need to make them to provide with non agricultural work.
      • Wrt Urban women:
        • Most of the urban women are educated and capable to participate in work force still there is an imbalance between work life and family life, Right work environment, lack of family friendly work institutions, long distances from work and home, prioritisation of child rearing over personal career growth in Indian families are considered as reasons for low labour participation rate among Urban women.
        • Suggestion: Sharing of burden by men in the child rearing process
  • Conclusion:
    • India’s Demographic dividend is receding, so India can bank on this only when Gender diversity in work force increases

2) How to tame our forest fires:

  • Administrative perspective:
    • There is no One size fit all approach in conservation of forest areas
    • No forest fire policy
    • Prevention can happen with the elimination of fire creating plants (for example Lantana)

3) Sparks in tinder box:

  • Related to tension in Korean peninsula after North Korea’s test firing of the missile at the borders of the Japanese. It is to test the relation of the new leadership of the USA, Japan and South Korea
  • With this test of missile there is an increasing unrest in south Korea and Japan, and international failure to bring North Korea to talks and failure of the 6 party talks has made the USA to deploy THAAD missile i.e., Terminal High Altitude Area Defence Missile on the request of South Korea, it has shift the balance of power and China and USSR expressed concerns about it
  • Conclusion:
    • To solve this issue the close ally to North Korea is China which should make it to bring for talks, automatically will de escalate the tensions in peninsula

4) We will seek audit of the fiscal impact of demonetisation:

  • This article states the increasing responsibility of Audit system in India i.e. CAG
    • In the era of PPP the auditing of the CAG increasing due its responsibility to audit wherever the public fund is involved
    • Kelkar report on PPP also stated that PPP should come under the ambit of CAG
    • SC gave a new responsibility:
      • Private telecoms and states’ DISCOMS
      • BCCI
      • With regard to climate change new expenditure of the govt increasing wrt it so CAG has role to play, we can called it as Environment Audit
  • Note: Banking sector purse will not come under the CAG purview but the impact of demonetisation on the govt revenue due its implementation will come under it.

5) Global fund to help solve India’s HIV drug crisis:

  • Things to keep in mind:
    • GFATM– Global Fund for Aids, TB, Malaria is financing for HIV syrup i.e., Lopinavir
    • To know the recent issue regarding this go through March 6th current Affairs.

6) Srilanka fishermen issue:

  • This article i have copied directly from IDSA worth reading to have brief understanding of the issue
  • Both Indian and Sri Lankan fishermen have been fishing into Palk Bay area for centuries. Problem emerged only after a maritime agreement was signed by India and Sri Lanka in 1974. In fact, initially the 1974 border agreement did not affect fishing on either sides of the border. In 1976, through an exchange of letter, both India and Sri Lanka agreed to stop fishing in each other’s waters. However, the agreement could not stop the fishermen from fishing in these waters, as fishermen know no boundary. They go wherever they can get maximum number of catch. They, knowingly or unknowingly, often violate the International Maritime Boundary Lines in search of a good catch, at times at great personal risk.
  • Both India and Sri Lankan fishermen have been known for entering into each other’s waters. However, cases of arrest of Sri Lankan fishermen by Indian authorities are comparatively less since they mostly fish in the high seas by using multi-day crafts. On the other hand, due to the dearth of multi-day fishing capability, Indian fishermen cannot shift their fishing effort from the Palk Bay area to the offshore areas of the Indian waters or way beyond the continental shelf. Therefore, Indian fishermen have no other option but to fish into the Sri Lankan waters. While for the Sri Lankan authorities protecting their maritime boundary is important, for the Indian fishermen the priority is of securing their livelihood.
  • It is noteworthy that despite the signing of maritime boundary agreements, fishermen communities of both the countries continued their fishing in the Palk Bay area peacefully until the Eelam war broke out in 1983. Nonetheless, after the end of War in 2009, the Sri Lankan fishermen have been raising their objection to Indian fishermen fishing in their waters. According to an estimate, more than 500 trawlers from Tamil Nadu cross the International Maritime Boundary Line and fish in the Sri Lankan side of the Palk Bay, threatening the livelihoods of the fishermen in the north of Sri Lanka, who have just commenced fishing after the end of war in 2009.
  • Thus, the main problem with Indian fishermen is that a large number of them are dependent on fishing in Sri Lankan waters, which is prohibited by the 1976 Maritime Boundary Agreement. Also, a large number of Indian fishermen are dependent on trawling which is banned in Sri Lanka.

Remember: Here bottom trawling used by Indian fishermen are unsustainable should not be supported by our govt too. So Joint Working Group has been formed to talk about the above stated concern and also Sri Lanka navy firing on Indian fishermen.

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