March 13

1) Modi’s U.P. wave and after:

  • Here in this article i’m not discussing anything about politics but the democratic elements that are changing in politics
  • Here we should know the trend that is happening in politics of India after independence
  • After independence, Congress was the single largest party till 1967 after this congress lost its grip at various regional level where it is called as 1st democratic revolution in India by Yogendra Yadav, a political scientist
  • After 1977, Congress has lost its position at centre level also which was called as 2nd democratic revolution where multiparty democracy taken roots in India
  • In 1980s, rise of regional parties in south and in 2000s subregional parties with separatist movements gained prominence
  • With this trend India entered into coalition politics permanently
  • Now the trend is again reversing with BJP’s victory, reasons:
    • Ethnicity based and Caste based politics are slowly taking a back seat with a main emphasis on developmental politics are trending into India
    • With this regional parties were primary partner now becoming secondary partners to the national parties
      • Eg: BJP and Shiv Sena Alliance
  • There is no formidable opposition to BJP now. In democracy, managing the power need a fine balance which is lacking with strong opposition in India. So an un-opposition political power is not good to democracy
  • As Khushwant Singh’s statement: “If the elections are fought in the name of an individual, if the party wins the elections unopposed and there is a good chance that managing of the power by an individual becomes difficult”. This is what the Indira gandhi’s experience tells us all
  • Presently Modi become dominant Identity than the party BJP. Personality cult politics is not good for India
  • Trends in Electoral roll:
    • In National, State and Local elections the voting % gap is decreasing people are giving more importance to national votings as given to the regional votings
    • The distinctiveness is also increasing wrt to National and Regional votings where earlier this trend was different where people vote for the same party in both national and regional.
  • This is the pitch to take forward the simultaneous elections for both Parliament and State legislative assemblies (major reform proposed by this govt)
  • Election management has become important technique in electioneering where
    • Requirement of soldiers at booth level
    • Understanding the distinct problems wrt different Area
      • Amit Shah of BJP succeeded in it and become master of Election management

2) The limits of identity politics:

  • Christopher jaffrelot in his book India’s silent revolution mentioned the Backward classes are responsible for this silent revolution in Indian politics. Multiparty system and regional party dominance were made by this silent revolution. He linked this phenomenon with two factors
    • One is Green revolution, which made many agro dependent caste people more stronger and their upliftment has also increased their role in Politics
      • Eg: Reddy and Kamma caste in Andhra Pradesh
    • Second is reservations in education, this led to the emergence of new educated class among dalits
      • Eg: Janata revolution in North, which gave a new wave to regional parties. After it collapsed several local parties emerged like Samajwadi party, Janata Dal etc
    • Remember:  Silent revolution related to backward caste people in India
  • Kanchan Chandra Stated Why ethnicity parties succeeded?
    • Here he explained that our democracy is more patrimonial or patronage to its own caste or religion where consolidation of voting happens with the view that the political party come into power with identity will able to distribute the benefits to that particular caste or identity
  • But economy got changed now from agrarian to service sector where development is more need to emphasis than identity politics, so identity politics is taking a backline. The broad agenda that making the people to come together and vote on the basis of development politics rather than Identity politics
    • Eg: BJP’s emphasis on Development in its plan

3) Delay in govt decisions is still a concern:

  • Fundamental question raised Why global capital is not flowing into India:
  • There are various reasons regarding this:
    • Banking sector, which acts as financial intermediation is facing the challenges
    • The govt decision making did not improved as expected even it is dominant with power due to regional disparities with respect to decisions
      • Eg: Regarding GST
    • Ease of Doing business ranking is not improving as level to the aspirations of the govt, which is the main deciding factor for the foreign companies to invest
    • Bureaucracy is still in inertia of delay and unable to shape itself to the requirements of globalisation

4) Casting a hopeful eye to future:

    • The points that i provide will be used for other industry as well, like leather, textiles etc


  • Challenges to Casting industry in India:


    • Technology upgradation
    • Availability of skilled manpower
    • Global competition (so export promotion scheme should be administered well)
    • High input cost like power, fuel, other ingredients necessary for production
  • These are discouraging the Indian exports, India though the third largest with respect to casting Industry is concerned and it is because of this challenges
  • However growth of Automotive, Agriculture created a new hope

5) My vision is New India:

  • Earlier there was Basic need approach, where people are seen as beneficiaries and merely a perpetuator dependent on the govt
  • But now with New development approach, which gave a wave to empowerment the people where people shall be made to earn their own money. The govt role here should be an enabler, with encouraging Private sector to create opportunities and also ensure in making access to these opportunities to various disadvantage people like dalits, women etc
  • Present day model of development is giving more emphasis on equal opportunity rather than equality and also emphasis on empowerment and entitlement rather than giving benefits

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