March 15: Answer writing by Chanakya

Q) Land needed for mining, dams and other large-scale projects is acquired mostly from Adivasis, hill dwellers and rural communities. The displaced persons are paid monetary compensation as per the legal provisions. However, the payment is often tardy. In any case, hit cannot sustain the displaced families for long. These people do not possess marketable skills to engage in some other accusation. They end up as low paid migrant labourers. Moreover, their development go to industries, industrialists and urban communities whereas the costs are passed on to these poor helpless people. This unjust distribution of costs and benefits is unethical.
Suppose you have been entrusted with the task of drafting a better compensation-cum-rehabilitation policy for such displaced persons, how would you approach the problem and what would be the main elements of your suggested policy? (250 words)
Ans:
Development is essential in the light of growing population, growing challenges and the raising needs. But, the result should be a win-win strategy for everyone, as no one should suffer in the process of development, as our founding fathers of the nation envisaged. So,
My approach to the problem would be:
a) Listing out who are the beneficiaries and who are the sufferers.
b) The capitalists, industrialists, who are getting most of the fruits, should take the responsibility besides the govt.
c) Listing out the displaced people, and broadly classifying them into different classes based on their occupation, assets , their economic, social and cultural conditions.
d) Trying to incorporate not only the pragmatic compensation packages, even at the huge cost of exchequer, as ultimately the Public/Govt is also going to take the fruits in middle/long term.
e) The people with traditional based occupations should be taken care and need to protect them besides their traditional profession. So many traditional based occupations are being extinct due to these type of reasons.
f) Everyone should be consulted about their future and people, who want to migrate to urban areas for better lives, should be given adequate protection through various schemes of housing, sanitation, schooling for the children under RTE. Sub sections must be induced for the protection of displaced and their families under various schemes and acts.
These are also the people, who are willing to suffer themselves for the greater good, so it is the responsibility of the public and govt to protect and respect them.

Q) A fresh engineering graduate gets a job in a prestigious chemical industry. She likes the work. The salary is also good. However, after a few months she accidentally discovers that a highly toxic waste is being secretly discharged into a river nearby. This is causing health problems to the villagers downstream who depend on the river for their water needs. She is perturbed and mentions her concern to her colleagues who have been with the company for longer periods. They advise her tokeep quite as anyone who mentions the topic is summarily dismissed. She cannot risk to sing her job as she is the sole bread-winner for her family and has to support her ailing parents and siblings. At first, she thinks that if her seniors are keeping quiet, why should she stick out her neck. But her conscience pricks her to do something to save the river and the people who depend upon it. At heart she feels that the advice of silence given by her friends is not correct though she cannot give reasons for it. She thinks you are a wise person and seeks your advice.
a) What arguments can you advance to show her that keeping quiet is not morally right?
b) What course of action would you advise her to adopt and why? (250 words) 20
Ans)
The arguments which i put forward that keeping quiet is morally wrong:
i) Parents and family should be our responsibility, and we should uphold it by taking care of them in their old age. But, nation and society comes in the forefront, as if the former is not active, we are no where present.
ii) This is not a simple issue to avoid, as there are lot of sanitation related diseases now-a-days, especially in the urban societies.
The poor, vulnerable, children and old age sections are the most affected. So many communicable diseases will paralyse the already poverty hit people.
iii) Feeding ourselves at the cost of other lives is against humanism.
iv) Going with the society in all the matters is not viable. As said by Gandhi, Change should come from ourselves, before we want to see in the society. So, we should raise our voice.
v) The priority is very simple. Winning the bread for 5 members or protecting the lives of thousands, even at the cost of our lives and our family.
The course of action which i advise her to solve this problem:
As the management is deliberately doing this at the cost of others because of
i) As they are economically and socially poor, they can’t retaliate them, and even if they did, they can sue them with money and muscle power
ii) Lack of knowledge over the consequences they face. So,
there is no need of informing/warning them as it won’t yield any result
So, the course of action should be:
a) Highlighting in the local media, if possible national media. So that regulatory agencies related to environment such as National green tribunal, Police etc will come to their rescue.
b) Contacing the Central ground water board.
c) Taking the support of engineering staff and scientifically extract the exact consequences.
d) Addressing the problem to the Municipality/Corporation, the admin. Heads.
Not leaving any possible alternative is the only solution, as so many big heads will involve in the future course of action. Also
a) seeking the protection from police, if any threats to her or her family.
b) Regular counselling programs with the people of that locality and encouraging to involve them in her fight against the management.
This will not only enhance her self-confidence, but also give her immense moral strength.

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3 thoughts on “March 15: Answer writing by Chanakya

  1. 5) Suppose you are an officer in-charge of implementing a social service scheme to provide support to old and destitute women. An old and illiterate woman comes to you to avail the benefits of the scheme. However, she has no documents to show that she fulfils the eligibility criteria. But after meeting her and listening to her you feel that she certainly needs support. Your enquiries also show that she is really destitute and living in a pitiable condition. You are in a dilemma as to what to do. Putting her under the scheme without necessary documents would clearly be violation of rules. But denying her the support would be cruel and inhuman.
    a) Can you think of a rational way to resolve this dilemma?
    b) Give your reasons for it. (250 words) 20

    Ans) Laws are meant for a Systematic living of a person in an interdependent society, but the persons are not meant for laws. A law must be as rigid as flexible. It shouldn’t irk the minority. The rational way to resolve this dilemma could be:
    a) Multiple enquiries and data from as many sources as possible at my disposal, such as ordering the sub-ordinates to collect and collate the data and the available relevant documents. So that we can come to a logical conclusion that the case is genuine and needs help.
    b) Seeking the advice from the superiors.
    c) Informing the higher ups and also mentioning the reasons and grounds for the unique action.
    d) Create one rational and pragmatic approach for all the alike people to deliver the services involving the staff, superiors and the beneficiaries of the scheme in this.
    The reasons for the following action are
    a) Social schemes are meant for aiding the vulnerable sections and the major hit in it are old and destitute woman, as they have no financial sources. So, it is the responsibility of the govt. to take care of them, remembering the service done by them to her family/society for all these years.
    b) Keeping in view the illiteracy, unawareness of these people, considering them as special cases, we must take the responsibility of delivering the services, but at the same time, not completely transgressing the rules. Adequate safeguards must be taken as mentioned above.
    Denial of services to some sections citing some rules and non- availability of documents not only violates the equality before law, but also the inefficiency of the bureaucracy, as they should build a strong bridge between the govt and the public, especially the weaker sections.

    6) ABC Ltd. Is a large transnational company having diversified business activities with a huge shareholder base. The company is continuously expanding the generating employment. The company, in its expansion and diversification programme, decides to establish a new plant at Vikaspuri, an area which is underdeveloped. The new plant is designed to use energy efficient technology that will help the company to save production cost by 20%. The company’s decision goes well with the Government policy of attracting investment to develop such underdeveloped regions. The government has also announced tax holiday for five years for the companies that invest in underdeveloped areas. However, the new plant may bring chaos for the inhabitants of Vikaspuri region, which is otherwise tranquil. The new plant may result in increased cost of living, aliens migrating to the region, disturbing the social and economic order. The company sensing the possible protest tried to educate the people of Vikaspuri region and public in general that how its Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) policy would help overcome the likely difficulties of the residents of Vikaspuri region. In spite of this the protests begin and some of the residents decided to approach the judiciary as their plea before the Government did not yield any result.
    a) Identify the issues involved in the case
    b) What can be suggested to satisfy the company’s goal and to address the residents’ concern? (300 words) 25/
    Ans) The issues involved in this case are:
    a) Development vs Conservation.
    i.e even though the company is doing for a good cause, establishing its unit in under developed area, the natural lifestyle of socially and economically backward areas is being disturbed.
    b) Social and economic stigma:
    That something will harm their regular lives, and it will derail their cultural, social and economic well being of the people. Eg. North eastern states like Meghalaya, Assam and Tripura is agitating against the outsiders, especially the Bengalis and illegally immigrant Bangladeshis, as they are grabbing the employment, educational opportunities and taking the fruits of development.
    c) Lack of knowledge over the consequences:
    It might be their own idea of some of the outsiders, like NGO’s etc could induce this feeling that they have to subordinate them in the future.
    d) There is no rationale behind stopping the company from establishing the unit, because of:
    a) Contributing to the society as a part of CSR.
    b) Energy-efficient unit, as most of the energy is being consumed by the industries, it will have a positive impact on environment and economy(import costs).

    Suggestions to meet the twin Objectives of satisfying the company’s goal as well as addressing the resident’s concern are:
    1) It is the responsibility of not only the govt. but also the company to allay the fears of the public. So, mass awareness campaigns to be unveiled. Compensation fee for who attends the campaigns, who left their work and come to the camps.
    2) Dividing the labour of that company into skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled and accommodating the various people into the workforce according to their skill set. Besides that, Reservation to that particular village members in the workforce, should be mandated in their constitution.
    3) Establishment of a oversight committee to check the arbitrariness of the state/industry for the welfare and security of the village members. Periodical reports should be disclosed on the public platform.
    Development and conservation are the 2 eyes o

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  2. Added pt’s
    1. Stress resistant crops- With assistance from ICAR and KVK, developing stress resistant crops will result in risk & vulnerability mitigation.
    2. Early Warning System- Partnering with ISRO and Meteorological department to develop and use effective EWS. E.g. Resourcesat and Bhuvan
    – This will aid in implementing at the earliest National Drought Mitigation Plan, making it more effective

    .Cropping Pattern- Using m-Kisan, extension service and awareness to farmers to use mixed cropping, incentivising horticulture-millet-pulses sowing. This will reduce water guzzling crops like rice and sugarcane.

    Main aim should be to increase irrigation fed area from current 45%, following Mihir shah recommendation.

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