Q) Land needed for mining, dams and other large-scale projects is acquired mostly from Adivasis, hill dwellers and rural communities. The displaced persons are paid monetary compensation as per the legal provisions. However, the payment is often tardy. In any case, hit cannot sustain the displaced families for long. These people do not possess marketable skills to engage in some other accusation. They end up as low paid migrant labourers. Moreover, their development go to industries, industrialists and urban communities whereas the costs are passed on to these poor helpless people. This unjust distribution of costs and benefits is unethical.
Suppose you have been entrusted with the task of drafting a better compensation-cum-rehabilitation policy for such displaced persons, how would you approach the problem and what would be the main elements of your suggested policy? (250 words)
Development is essential in the light of growing population, growing challenges and the raising needs. But, the result should be a win-win strategy for everyone, as no one should suffer in the process of development, as our founding fathers of the nation envisaged. So,
My approach to the problem would be:
a) Listing out who are the beneficiaries and who are the sufferers.
b) The capitalists, industrialists, who are getting most of the fruits, should take the responsibility besides the govt.
c) Listing out the displaced people, and broadly classifying them into different classes based on their occupation, assets , their economic, social and cultural conditions.
d) Trying to incorporate not only the pragmatic compensation packages, even at the huge cost of exchequer, as ultimately the Public/Govt is also going to take the fruits in middle/long term.
e) The people with traditional based occupations should be taken care and need to protect them besides their traditional profession. So many traditional based occupations are being extinct due to these type of reasons.
f) Everyone should be consulted about their future and people, who want to migrate to urban areas for better lives, should be given adequate protection through various schemes of housing, sanitation, schooling for the children under RTE. Sub sections must be induced for the protection of displaced and their families under various schemes and acts.
These are also the people, who are willing to suffer themselves for the greater good, so it is the responsibility of the public and govt to protect and respect them.
Q) A fresh engineering graduate gets a job in a prestigious chemical industry. She likes the work. The salary is also good. However, after a few months she accidentally discovers that a highly toxic waste is being secretly discharged into a river nearby. This is causing health problems to the villagers downstream who depend on the river for their water needs. She is perturbed and mentions her concern to her colleagues who have been with the company for longer periods. They advise her tokeep quite as anyone who mentions the topic is summarily dismissed. She cannot risk to sing her job as she is the sole bread-winner for her family and has to support her ailing parents and siblings. At first, she thinks that if her seniors are keeping quiet, why should she stick out her neck. But her conscience pricks her to do something to save the river and the people who depend upon it. At heart she feels that the advice of silence given by her friends is not correct though she cannot give reasons for it. She thinks you are a wise person and seeks your advice.
a) What arguments can you advance to show her that keeping quiet is not morally right?
b) What course of action would you advise her to adopt and why? (250 words) 20
The arguments which i put forward that keeping quiet is morally wrong:
i) Parents and family should be our responsibility, and we should uphold it by taking care of them in their old age. But, nation and society comes in the forefront, as if the former is not active, we are no where present.
ii) This is not a simple issue to avoid, as there are lot of sanitation related diseases now-a-days, especially in the urban societies.
The poor, vulnerable, children and old age sections are the most affected. So many communicable diseases will paralyse the already poverty hit people.
iii) Feeding ourselves at the cost of other lives is against humanism.
iv) Going with the society in all the matters is not viable. As said by Gandhi, Change should come from ourselves, before we want to see in the society. So, we should raise our voice.
v) The priority is very simple. Winning the bread for 5 members or protecting the lives of thousands, even at the cost of our lives and our family.
The course of action which i advise her to solve this problem:
As the management is deliberately doing this at the cost of others because of
i) As they are economically and socially poor, they can’t retaliate them, and even if they did, they can sue them with money and muscle power
ii) Lack of knowledge over the consequences they face. So,
there is no need of informing/warning them as it won’t yield any result
So, the course of action should be:
a) Highlighting in the local media, if possible national media. So that regulatory agencies related to environment such as National green tribunal, Police etc will come to their rescue.
b) Contacing the Central ground water board.
c) Taking the support of engineering staff and scientifically extract the exact consequences.
d) Addressing the problem to the Municipality/Corporation, the admin. Heads.
Not leaving any possible alternative is the only solution, as so many big heads will involve in the future course of action. Also
a) seeking the protection from police, if any threats to her or her family.
b) Regular counselling programs with the people of that locality and encouraging to involve them in her fight against the management.
This will not only enhance her self-confidence, but also give her immense moral strength.