March 16 Answer writing by chanakya

5) Suppose you are an officer in-charge of implementing a social service scheme to provide support to old and destitute women. An old and illiterate woman comes to you to avail the benefits of the scheme. However, she has no documents to show that she fulfils the eligibility criteria. But after meeting her and listening to her you feel that she certainly needs support. Your enquiries also show that she is really destitute and living in a pitiable condition. You are in a dilemma as to what to do. Putting her under the scheme without necessary documents would clearly be violation of rules. But denying her the support would be cruel and inhuman.
a) Can you think of a rational way to resolve this dilemma?
b) Give your reasons for it. (250 words)
Ans) Laws are meant for a Systematic living of a person in an interdependent society, but the persons are not meant for laws. A law must be as rigid as flexible. It shouldn’t irk the minority. The rational way to resolve this dilemma could be:
a) Multiple enquiries and data from as many sources as possible at my disposal, such as ordering the sub-ordinates to collect and collate the data and the available relevant documents. So that we can come to a logical conclusion that the case is genuine and needs help.
b) Informing the higher ups and also mentioning the reasons and grounds for the unique action and seeking the advice from the superiors.
c) Create one rational and pragmatic approach for all the alike people to deliver the services involving the staff, superiors and the beneficiaries of the scheme in this.
The reasons for the following action are
a) Social schemes are meant for aiding the vulnerable sections and the major hit in it are old and destitute woman, as they have no financial sources. So, it is the responsibility of the govt. to take care of them, remembering the service done by them to her family/society for all these years.
b) Keeping in view the illiteracy, unawareness of these people, considering them as special cases, we must take the responsibility of delivering the services, but at the same time, not completely transgressing the rules. Adequate safeguards must be taken as mentioned above.
Denial of services to some sections citing some rules and non- availability of documents not only violates the equality before law, but also the inefficiency of the bureaucracy, as they should build a strong bridge between the govt and the public, especially the weaker sections.
Q) ABC Ltd. Is a large transnational company having diversified business activities with a huge shareholder base. The company is continuously expanding the generating employment. The company, in its expansion and diversification programme, decides to establish a new plant at Vikaspuri, an area which is underdeveloped. The new plant is designed to use energy efficient technology that will help the company to save production cost by 20%. The company’s decision goes well with the Government policy of attracting investment to develop such underdeveloped regions. The government has also announced tax holiday for five years for the companies that invest in underdeveloped areas. However, the new plant may bring chaos for the inhabitants of Vikaspuri region, which is otherwise tranquil. The new plant may result in increased cost of living, aliens migrating to the region, disturbing the social and economic order. The company sensing the possible protest tried to educate the people of Vikaspuri region and public in general that how its Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) policy would help overcome the likely difficulties of the residents of Vikaspuri region. In spite of this the protests begin and some of the residents decided to approach the judiciary as their plea before the Government did not yield any result.
a) Identify the issues involved in the case
b) What can be suggested to satisfy the company’s goal and to address the residents’ concern? (300 words)
Ans) The issues involved in this case are:
a) Development vs Conservation debate
i.e even though the company is doing for a good cause, establishing its unit in under developed area, the natural lifestyle of socially and economically backward areas is being disturbed.
b) Social and economic stigma:
That something will harm their regular lives, and it will derail their cultural, social and economic well being of the people. Eg. North eastern states like Meghalaya, Assam and Tripura is agitating against the outsiders, especially the Bengalis and illegally immigrant Bangladeshis, as they are grabbing the employment, educational opportunities and taking the fruits of development.
c) Lack of knowledge over the consequences:
It might be their own idea of some of the outsiders, like NGO’s etc could induce this feeling that they have to subordinate them in the future.
d) There is no rationale behind stopping the company from establishing the unit, because of:
a) Contributing to the society as a part of CSR.
b) Energy-efficient unit, as most of the energy is being consumed by the industries, it will have a positive impact on environment and economy(import costs).
Suggestions to meet the twin Objectives of satisfying the company’s goal as well as addressing the resident’s concern are:
1) It is the responsibility of not only the govt. but also the company to allay the fears of the public. So, mass awareness campaigns to be unveiled. Compensation fee for who attends the campaigns, who left their work and come to the camps.
2) Dividing the labour of that company into skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled and accommodating the various people into the workforce according to their skill set. Besides that, Reservation to that particular village members in the workforce, should be mandated in their constitution.
3) Establishment of a oversight committee to check the arbitrariness of the state/industry for the welfare and security of the village members. Periodical reports should be disclosed on the public platform.
Development and conservation are the 2 eyes of the nation. Not only the Govt, civil society is equally responsible to balance it.

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4 thoughts on “March 16 Answer writing by chanakya

  1. 1) Do you think the Central Board of Film Certification’s (CBFC) decision to not to issue certificate to certain movies is an assault on artistic freedom? In your opinion, how should the Indian society react to censorships by CBFC? Critically comment. (200 Words)
    Ans: Freedom of speech, expression and thought is guaranteed through article 19(1)(a) of constitution. Due to the following reasons, it is assault on the artistic freedom by CBFC:
    i) CBFC’s mandate is to certify the films into different sections such as U,U/A,A etc and remove some words, beeps, and certify it, but not to reject the certification of movies because
    a) Supreme court in its various judgements said that CBFC should bound by its limits of regulation, and shouldn’t oppose certification based on “law and order Problems” it might pose.
    ii) Movies like Vishwaroopam, recently Ka bodyscapes are objected by CBFC due to :
    a) Its anti-religion tones.
    b) Batting for homo-sexuality and gay sex by the filmmakers.
    Indian society is slowly moving towards Rationalistic and secular approach from the religious, stereotype point of view. This is a good indication of a democratic society inclining upwards, as long as it is not harming the society by strengthening the intellectual society. And Indian movies are playing its part in the rational transition.
    Instead of encouraging, CBFC is denying the Judiciary’s order and delivering its judgements. This is increasing the litigation time and leaving over dues to the producers. In order to curtail this:
    a) CBFC should be issued stricter guidelines in certifying a film. It should be restricted to classify the films and removing some unwanted words.
    b) The election, selection of the members should be changed and revamped accordingly. De politicisation of the CBFC is the need of hour, and completely on the basis of merit.
    Movie is a media, which is quickly reached to the masses. Its development is an Integral part of the societal development.

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  2. The issues involved in this case are:
    a) Development vs Conservation..
    b) Social and economic stigma:
    Eg. North eastern states like Meghalaya, Assam and Tripura is agitating against the outsiders, especially the Bengalis and illegally immigrant Bangladeshis, as they are grabbing the employment, educational opportunities and taking the fruits of development. The villagers are in a fear of colonialism by the company.

    Suggestions to meet the twin Objectives of satisfying the company’s goal as well as addressing the resident’s concern are:
    1) It is the responsibility of not only the govt. but also the company to allay the fears of the public. So, mass awareness campaigns to be unveiled. Compensation fee for who attends the campaigns, who left their work and come to the camps.
    2) Dividing the labour of that company into skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled and accommodating the various people into the workforce according to their skill set. Besides that, Reservation to that particular village members in the workforce, should be mandated in their constitution.
    3) Establishment of a oversight committee to check the arbitrariness of the state/industry for the welfare and security of the village members. Periodical reports should be disclosed on the public platform.
    Development and conservation are the 2 eyes of the nation. Not only the Govt, civil society is equally responsible to balance it.

    Plzzzzzzzz improvise the answer.. I am not getting enough points in the first part of the answer

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  3. 2) In your opinion, what should be done to accommodate the vagaries of the monsoon to fight drought and water scarcity in India? Examine.

    Ans) Due to the uncertainty of the monsoon, with the adding fear of El-nino and the increasing impact on climate due to Global warming, it is necessary for the govt and the public to accommodate adequate weapons in the armoury to resist drought and water scarcity. Steps to be taken are:
    a) Strengthen food storage mechanisms: Implementation of FCI reforms as mooted by Shanta Kumar, PPP in the storage mechanisms, budgetary allocations for cold chains especially in the under-developed and the least hit due to calamities.
    b) Fodder fortification: Animal Husbandry is the most affected, so efficient mechanisms for fodder storage and fortification of fodder in the long term to increase the productivity. Gaining more from less.
    c) Energy Conservation: Energy independent, More micro energy projects and micro- renewable projects in particular.
    d) To fight water scarcity: Take up water conserv. Projects, ground water recharge, compost pits and farm ponds as part of MGNREGA, in order to conserve water resources and enhance agricultural productivity.
    e) Drought resistant crops such as Millets instead of water intensive crops such as sugar cane and maize etc.
    f) Drought resistant seeds such as Introduction of GM seeds after adequate safeguards only.
    Droughts are not a sudden disasters, but informed and anticipated disasters, especially in some dry regions. So, adequate interventions by Govt is inevitable to balance the livelihood.

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  4. Add some pro points such as Farmer suicides, 1/1 hour,100/1 hour leaving the profession, distress migrations, to check non-insti. Credit in the begininig of answer.

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